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Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus, an extraordinary example of Victorian Gothic Style of Architecture

2024-05-12 06:09   Services   Mumbai   9 views Reference: 136

Location: Mumbai

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Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus is i.e. CST is a very renowned railway station of Mumbai; it has got a very beautiful historical architecture which remind us a Victorian gothic style of architecture. It was built in 1888, located in the heart of Mumbai city. It also has been declared as a ‘World Heritage Site’ in 2004 by UNESCO. The station is reminder of great British raj pre-independence which is still a historical landmark in Mumbai.

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CST shows the output of the industrial revolution technology that includes the beautiful Victorian style with a little enormous Italian model. Apart from this style of architecture it is also showing some shades of Mughal-Style architecture. It also symbolizes the British Commonwealth. It’s an outstanding example of the late 19th century. CST has been witnessing all the development of city, booming of film industry, flourishing of all Mumbai all these moments has lived by the CST.




The CST was built by British architect F.W. Stevens who named it as a ‘Victoria Terminus’. As it has built in gothic style It was labeled as ‘Gothic City’ which now has become a symbol of Mumbai (Bombay). It is the hub of many mercantile activities and is a beautiful mixture of British and Indian Design. The station got its name from royal, Queen Victoria. It took ten years to complete the construction of CST. At that time it was the most expensive structure of the Mumbai with 260,000 pounds. In 1996 it was renamed as ‘Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus’ by Suresh Kalmadi who was the minister of railways at that time.


 Architecture Style


The architecture of the CST reflects the Victorian gothic style including the designs from late19th century. The main entrance of the CST is edged by the lion figures and tigers that represent the two countries India and Great Britain. Whole structure is made by the limestone and sandstone while the interior of the station is by the High Quality of Italian marbles. It has 18 railway lines and also houses the main headquarters, grosteques, Star Chamber and the North wing.